|The Altai inscriptions|
|Кочеев В.А. Свод древнетюркских рунических памятников Горного Алтая. – Горно-Алтайск: АКИН, 2006.|
|«The history of studying medieval old Turkic inscriptions of Mountains Altai is almost two hundred years. G.I.Spassky found the first Altai inscription near the river Charysh in 1818. Since then searching and studying of epitaphic monuments is conducted in Altai. And it is going with variable success. I.L.Kyzlasov … divided up three conditional stages1: the first stage the end of 40s - the beginning of 60s of XX century, the second stage is 60-80s, the third has started in 90s and is continuing this day.|
|Detailed researches of old Turkic inscriptions of Altai Mountains was started by V.D.Kubarev 2…|
|To the beginning of 90s of XX century it became obvious, that Altai is a region of wide circulation of inscriptions. It raises Altai to one line with Khakassia, Tuva and Mongolia. Efforts of archeologists during the previous period had been opened three large centers of concentration of medieval inscriptions. First of all, the Jalbak-Taš - the largest rock with inscriptions in Russia. Haya-Bazha was the lagest before in Tuva, where 16 inscription lines were found. Other two places are Bichiktu-Bom and Mendur-Sokkon … |
|…There can be allocated four micro-districts of distribution old Tukic writings in Altai Mountains preliminarily: The inscriptions near the rivers Ursul and Karakol, inscriptions of Southeast Altai and inscriptions of Ust-Kan group. Some findings in other areas assume presence of unknown inscriptions. Purposeful researches inevitably should lead to new openings.|
|Field works of last years on search, fixings epigraphic inscriptions of Altai Mountains have revealed a number of rules, typical for the region. Now it is known three kinds of inscriptions in Altai Mountains. The first kind is the inscriptions put at the basis of the rocks. They usually have intimate, secret character. They are carried to IX-X centuries. The second kind is inscriptions on steles. They undoubtedly are epitaphic inscriptions, which have appeared in Altai Mountains under influence of tradition of the population of Tuva and Khakassia in IX-X centuries 3. And the last kind of inscriptions are the texts put on subjects which are found in early-medieval burials of VIII-IX centuries.»|
|The studies of old Turkic inscriptions «of Altai Mountains are conducted by support of the Gornyi-Altai State University, Agency of Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Republic Altai, the National museum of Republic Altai named after A.V.Anohin, The University of Frankfurt».|
|The researches of old Turkic inscriptions of Altai conducted «at various times in participation of I.L.Kyzlasov, V.Achapov, E.P.Matochkin, O.V.Majchikov, I.A.Nevskaja, V.P.Ojnoshev, A.T.Tarbanaev, L.N.Tybkova, S.J.Chevalkov, E.E.Jamaeva».4|
1 Кызласов И.Л. 280 лет исследования древнетюркской рунической письменности. //Древности Алтая. – Горно-Алтайск, 2002.
2 Кубарев В.Д. К истории изучения древнетюркской эпиграфики Алтая. //Проблемы изучения истории и культуры Алтая и сопредельных территорий. – Горно-Алтайск, 1992.
3 Кызласов И.Л. Руническое письмо в горах Алтая. //Проблемы изучения истории и культуры Алтая и сопредельных территорий. – Горно-Алтайск, 1992.
4 We express our deep gratitude for assistance in collecting database of historical and cultural fund, the editor-in-chief of «Svod drevnetjurkskih runicheskich pamyatnikov Gornogo Altaya» candidate of history sciences, senior lecturer V.I.Soyonov.